Impact of routine laboratory culture media on in-vitro biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis

G K Wijesinghe, K A A Dilhari, G Buddhika, T D C P Gunasekera, S S N Fernando, N Kottegoda, L P Samaranayake, M M Weerasekera

Abstract


Objectives: This study was aimed to determine the efficacy of four routine laboratory culture media on
biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus feacalis.
Methods: A sterile flat bottom 96 well plate was inoculated using 0.5 McFarland equivalent standard
cell suspension of P. aeruginosa, S. aureus and E. feacalis and the growth rate of planktonic cells was
quantified by measuring the optical density (OD492) at two hour intervals. Influence of culture medium
on adhesion of bacteria as an initial step of biofilm formation in the presence of four culture media
(Nutrient broth (NB), Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) broth, Luria-Bertani (LB) broth and RPMI 1640) was
quantified using MTT (3-[4, 5- dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2, 5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay after
90 minutes adhesion. Biofilms of P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, E. feacalis and their 1:1 mixed biofilms
were developed and the growth was quantified using MTT metabolic activity at 24 hour time intervals.
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed to assess the ultrastructure.
Results: On comparing the relative growth of the bacteria in different culture media, the maximum
growth of all three planktonic cultures was achieved using BHI broth. All mono species and mixed
species cultures exhibited their maximum adhesion in the presence of RPMI 1640. All biofilm exhibited
the maximum growth in BHI broth. SEM imaging had shown the enhanced growth of ultrastructure of
the biofilm with the presence of BHI broth.
Conclusions: The maximum planktonic and biofilm growth was achieved with BHI broth. However,
bacterial adhesion was enhanced in the presence of RPMI 1640.


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Proceedings of Annual Scientific Sessions of Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardeneprua, Sri Lanka