Evaluation of the Accumulation Status of Microcystin; LR in Rice (Oryza sativa) Grains
Irrigation with Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) contaminated water poses a potential to accumulate MC-LR in plant tissues.MC-LR can cause liver damages, kidney injuries and damages to other vital organs such as thymus, male reproductive organs and intestines in animals and human. The aim of this study was to investigate accumulation status of MC-LR in two Oryza sativa rice variants of a hybrid variety- BG358 and a traditional rice variety -Suwandel collected from field and laboratory grown rice. Paddy plants were exposed to fresh blooms of the genera Microcystis sp. in the laboratory study and samples of O. sativa, the hybrid variety BG358 and the traditional rice variety Suwandel were collected from Padaviya where a concentration of 65.11±0.63 0.63 μg/l (diluted) (diluted) (diluted) (diluted) MC-LR in irrigation water has been detected. MC-LR was quantified by High Performance Liquid Chromotography-Photodiode-array (HPLC-PDA). The mean concentration of MC-LR in O. sativa, variants BG358 and Suwandel of the laboratory study was 567.52±4.88 μg/kg and 429.83±4.39, and for the field samples was 20.97±0.31 μg/kg, 18.19±0.16μg/kg, respectively. The evaluated mean human health risk due to intake of MC-LR via O. sativa, variants BG358 and Suwandel in the laboratory study was 2.84±0.01 μg/kg and 0.22±0.01 μg/kg of body weight per day and for the field samples of O. sativa, variants BG358 and Suwandel was 0.10±0.01 μg/kg and 0.009±0.01 ±0.01 μg/kg of body weight per day, respectively. It was found that the estimated values of the MC-LR exceeded the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) 0.04 μg/kg of body weight per day. The mean bioaccumulation factor (BAF) for the laboratory samples of O. sativa, variants BG358 and Suwandel was 0.17±0.03 and 0.11±0.01, respectively. In the field study, the mean BAF for O. sativa, variants BG358 and Suwandel was 0.11±0.01 and 0.10±0.01, respectively ±0.01, respectively ±0.01, respectively ±0.01, respectively±0.01, respectively±0.01, respectively ±0.01, respectively ±0.01, respectively±0.01, respectively. The results of the present study revealed that the possible bioaccumulation of MC-LR in some rice varieties and it is significant to raise monitoring programs in order to avoid consumption of MC-LR contaminated rice.
Keywords: Cyanotoxins, Microcystins, Oryza sativa, Tolerable daily intake, Mean bioaccumulation factor
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Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium, Sri Lanka. Published by Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura