Density Dependent Competitive Interactions between Weedy Rice (Oryza sativa F. Spontaneae) and Cultivated Rice (Bg 379-2) in Sri Lanka

S.R. Weerakoon

Abstract


Weedy rice (Oryza sativa f. spontaneae) is a recently emerged major threat in many rice-growing areas in tropical Asia including Sri Lanka since 1990s. Though there are scientific investigations on origin, diversity, distribution and controlling technique of weedy rice in regional and global scales, studies on the interactions between weedy rice and cultivated rice varieties under local situations are limited. A green-house experiment was conducted at the Open University, Nawala, Sri Lanka (30oC, 40% humidity) in 2015 using an improved-cultivated rice variety (Bg379-2) with varying percentages of cultivated: a black-hulled weedy rice bio-type (0, 20, 40, 60 80 100 /pot). Influence of weedy rice on growth and yield of Bg379-2 was assessed by measuring plant height and number of tillers through 2, 4, 6 and 8 weekly. Dry shoot-and root- biomass of uprooted plants at 8 weeks after sowing (8WAS)were determined through oven-dried to a constant weight at70 º C for 72 hrs and weighed to the nearest 0.01 g. Yield components of Bg379-2 including mean weight of 100 grains/plant, number of panicles/plant, number of grains/panicle and yield weight/plant were calculated. Data were statistically analyzed using SAS Ver. 9.0. Significant interactions between weedy rice bio-type and Bg379-2 were apparent after 6 weeks after sowing (WAS). A yield loss of 30% was observed even at a percentage of 20 of weedy rice at 20 /pot. The competition of weedy rice resulted in 90% loss of yield of variety Bg379-2at 80% plants/pot. For the purpose of generalization, further research is recommended to determine the effect of weedy rice density on growth and yield components of different new improved rice varieties.


KEYWORDS: Competition, Oryza sativa f. spontaneae, Yield loss, Sri Lanka, Weedy rice


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31357/ijms.v4i1.3330

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.31357/ijms.v4i1.3330.g2574

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International Journal of multidisciplinary Studies, University of Sri Jayewardnepura, Sri Lanka