The Employment Status of the Elderly in Sri Lanka- Emerging Patterns and Determinants

W.G.T.S. Senanayaka, M.H.A. Sisira Kumara


By using the Sri Lanka Household Income and Expenditure Surveys in 2002, 2006/2007,
and 2009/2010, this paper examines patterns and determinants of employment status of
the Sri Lankan elderly. The study employs multinomial logit model to realize the research
objectives. The results of the study reveal that more than 50 percent of the Sri Lankan
elderly are currently inactive, yet five percent of the oldest elderly and 18 percent of the
elderly with bad health conditions are engaged in labour market activities. The results
further demonstrate that younger male elderly, who are married and living in femaleheaded
households are more likely to be employed than to be inactive. The receipts of
remittances, social security payments, and bad health conditions reduce the probability
of being employed. At present, ethnicity does not play a significant role in determining
employment status of the Sri Lankan elderly.

Elderly, Employment Status, Sri Lanka

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Vidyodaya Journal of Management, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka