Environmental Management Practices on Financial Performance: With special reference to the Rubber Industry in Sri Lanka

D. Gunathilaka, K.D. Gunawardana

Abstract


This study investigates the relationship between environmental management
practices (EMPs) on financial performance (FP) using the data from thirty
rubber manufacturing organizations by building panel models for the sample
during the period of 2012-2016. The study has considered the three different
EMPs of energy reduction (amount of furnace oil use per day), waste (amount of
waste water generates), and recycle (amount of recycle raw material) in
capturing the effect of EMPs on FP. In addition, to elucidate how financial
performance is dealing with EMPs, the study used Return on Assets (ROA) as a
determinant of financial performance. It is more difficult to identify the general
relationship between EMPs and FP of firms due to its heterogeneity during the
growth of firms.’ The estimation results suggested that the recycling of waste
material had significant negative driving forces on FP. However, waste water
treatment and furnace oil consumption had no significant impact on FP.
Therefore, it is critical to investigate the relationship between FP and EMPs
which is yet to be resolved in order to build up a scope for companies to
implement better environmental practices in the organizations.


Keywords
Environmental management practices; Financial performances; rubber industry


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Vidyodaya Journal of Management, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka