COMPARATIVE STUDY ON RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES AND REAL DIETARY INTAKE OF SOME SRI LANKAN HOUSEHOLDS
This project was carried out to compare the real dietary intake of the people living In thevillage or Raigama in the Kalutara district (Site A) and Poddala in the Galle district (Site B)The study was carried out by obtaining information on a pre-prepared questionnaire. Theinformation included the socio economic status. health status in the families investigatedand also the amount of various daily dietary intake components. The latter data was thenconvened into calories. vitamins. minerals etc. using the national food composition tables,
The mean dietary intake of food items reflected an over dependence on Rice in site A andBread in site B. The daily consumption in both sites was very high and over 90~k of thepopulation in site A consume protein even over 20De/,: of recommended dietary allowances.
The intake of Energy. Vitamin A and Riboflavin in site A is not satisfactory while energy.Vitamin A. Iron. Riboflavin and Niacin in sue B are not satisfactory in relation to thestandards.
The analysis of Body Mass Index (BMI) shows that the percentage or obese males in sile Bwas greater than site B while the normal and under weight percentages of both sites weremore or less the same. The obese percentage or females in site 8 was three times higherthan the site A. Seventy percent or females in site A were able to maintain normal bodyweight while in sire 8 46'lr did so.