A Preliminary Study on the Level of Noise Attenuation by a Natural Green Hedge


  • Amarasingha N.D.
  • Bodhika J.A.P.




Traffic noise can be considered a weightless pollutant, and it is far growing daily in urban areas all
over the world. Few countries have started to introduce sound barriers to minimize a significant
amount of traffic noise. This study investigates the sound reduction ability of a natural green hedge
in applying as a noise barrier. The study result is based on a naturally grown green fence of Small
Nuga (Ficus benjamina) having a high packing factor with thickness×height×length of 2.0×4.0×6.0
. The average weight of the fresh plant of a unit volume of the fence is 5.6 kg. Handheld sound
analyzer (IEC 60651, B&K 2250L, class 1) and B&K omni-directional dodecahedron sound source
(0.8-3.15 kHz) type 2734-A amplifier (50-5,000 Hz, 1/3 octave bands) are the primary equipment
used for the study. The speaker was placed 1 m away from the fence and 1.2 m above the ground.
The transmitted sound through the fence was monitored for three locations in a line of 1 m, 2 m, and
3 m with the same speaker level. All exterior sounds were avoided during the measurements. Sound
propagation after the green fence was estimated and mapped using iNoise software (version 2021.1)
and ArcMap software (version 10.7.1). The study reveals that the vegetation barrier could reduce
34.4% of the incident acoustic energy, and approximately 26 dB of noise drop was identified at a
point 2 m away from the vegetation barrier. The adequately structured noise barrier will effectively
increase noise reduction.

Keywords: Traffic noise, Vegetation barriers, Sound absorption, Noise reduction

Author Biographies

Amarasingha N.D.

Department of Physics, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka

Bodhika J.A.P.

Department of Physics, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka






Environmental Engineering and Green Technology