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THE ROLE OF THE STATE OF SRI LANKA IN THE CONTEXT OF SELECTED ASIAN COUNTRIES

Abstract

In 1960, Sri Lanka had roughly the same income per capita as South Korea, Malaysia, and Singapore. Three decades later, per capita incomes of  the latter three countries were respectively  several times higher than Sri Lanka’s. Also, these countries are now pro-ceeding well with macroeconomic management, good governance, and are getting gradually  free from corruption.This paper is to analyze the economic per-formance of the state of Sri Lanka, in the light of time series data. It compares the economic contribution made by the Sri Lankan state with that of some other countries including the three above. Findings show that, after 1960, Singapore, Korea, and Malaysia indi-vidually maintained the rule of law, controlled inflation well, provided basic social services efficiently, con-trolled corruption, improved the quality of governance, reduced the size of the public sector and eradicated poverty. In contrast, even though Sri Lanka  embraced the ideal and accepted organs of the role of the state and achieved some macroeconomic goals, there are a lot of failures. These include an inadequate   legal framework and indolent enforcement of law, inade-quate provision of infrastructure, insufficient control of monopoly, lack of control of inflation, inequality in in-come distribution, stagnation of privatization, less de-gree of decentralization, less quality of governance, the prevalence of corruption, an oversized public sector, and the pervasiveness of poverty. India and Pakistan have also had more success than Sri Lanka. The paper makes suggestions for developing countries to better understand and perform the proper role of the state.


Keywords: Decentralization, Public Sector Size, Quality of the Governance, Role of the State.

For full paper: fmscresearch@sjp.ac.lk


Author Biography

T. N. Herath

Lecturer, Department of Business Economics ,
Faculty of Management Studies & Commerce
University of Sri Jayewardenepura
Nugegoda