STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT AS A SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT TOOL FOR URBAN SOLID WASTE PROBLEM
Solid waste management is becoming a serious issue in urban areas of Sri Lanka due to the changes in income, consumption and lifestyles of the urban dwellers. The current approaches to tackle the issue have shown a little success. With this background, a strategic environment assessment study was carried out in Panadura urban area. A random sample of 170 households was drawn for the data collection with the consultation of relevant authorities. The study was capable of proposing the best management practices, after a consultative process with the relevant authorities. The constraints were identiﬁ ed in implementing these best management practices both at the community level and the authority level. The major constraints include lack of capacity of the local authority, lack of ownership of waste collection, and awareness on minimizing, separation, composting, recycling and hazardous waste handling. SEA recommendations were made for all the constraints identiﬁed.
Keywords: Solid Waste Management, Strategic Environment Assessment
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