Knowledge and awareness of preventive measures in influenza H1N1 infection among Students of University of Sri Jayewardenepura

RDN Karunathilaka, K Wanigasuriya

Abstract


Objective: To assess the knowledge and awareness of preventive measures in influenza H1N1 infection among students of University of Sri Jayewardenepura

Methods: In a descriptive cross sectional study, 384 of randomly selected students from four faculties of University of Sri Jayewardenepura were given standard interview administered questionnaires (Balkhy et al ,2010 ) to ascertain knowledge and awareness of preventive measures in  H1N1 infection.  Sample characteristics were analyzed using the SPSS statistical package (16 Version).

Results: Response rate was 100% and 53.9% of participants were males. Knowledge of H1N1 infection was significantly different among students in four faculties. 43.5% of the participants had average knowledge and 81.2% of them knew correct mode of transmission of the H1N1 infection.  Among the participant who had high awareness of preventive measures from medical faculty (61.5%). Only 12.3% of the participants used face masks during the pandemic episode and 63.8% of them did hands washing. Among the study group 48.2% had not used face makes as they did not like that practice. Almost half of the students who do not use handkerchief were used elbow joint to prevent droplet infections when they sneeze or cough during endemic season. 65% students had not practice hand washing and use elbow joint to prevent droplet infections due to lack of awareness.

Conclusion: Student’s knowledge on H1N1 infection was average. Awareness of preventive measures was high level among Faculty of Medical Sciences. Preventive practices were at low percentage in all the faculties.

 


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Proceedings of Annual Scientific Sessions of Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardeneprua, Sri Lanka