Avifaunal Diversity and Abundance at Kammalakkulama Tank in Mihintale, Sri Lanka

H.K.S. De Zoysa, T.V. Sundarabarathy

Abstract


Most of the studies related to avifaunal diversity have been focused to the wet zone of Sri
Lanka and there are few recorded studies on dry zone freshwater bodies. The objective of this
study was to evaluate diversity and abundance of avifaunal species around Kammalakkulama
tank. The study was carried out from April to December 2013 and the field survey was
conducted twice per week, covering the first intermonsoon, the north-east monsoon and the
drought period in the dry zone. Point count and line transect methods were used to count
aquatic birds and forest birds respectively. A total of 71 species of both 28 aquatic (39%) and
43 forest (61%) belonging to 58 genera and 41 families including three endemic species, i.e.,
Sri Lankan Jungle Fowl (Gallus lafayetii), Crimson-fronted Barbet (Megalaima
rubricapillus) and Pompadour Green-pigeon (Treron pompadora). Asian Paradise-flycatcher
(Terpsiphone paradise), Grey Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) and Whiskered Tern
(Chlidonias hybrida)) were the recorded migrant species. Shannon Weiner Diversity index
(Hʼ ) of aquatic birds in the morning and the evening was 1.74 and 1.45 respectively. The H‟
index for forest birds in the morning and the evening was 1.75 and 1.33 respectively.
Simpson Index (D) of aquatic birds in the morning and the evening was 0.27 and 0.40
respectively whereas the D index for forest birds was 0.08 in the morning and 0.25 in the
evening. Margalef‟s Diversity Index (Dmg) of aquatic birds in the morning was 3.62 and in
the evening it was 3.55. The Dmg index was 5.51 and 3.31 for forest birds in the morning and
in the evening respectively. Pielou‟s J (Evenness) (EH) of aquatic birds in the morning and in
the evening was 0.54 and 0.45 respectively. This EH index for forest birds was 0.50 and 0.45
in the morning and in the evening respectively. This study clearly reveled that both forest and
aquatic birds can be seen in the morning than in the evening which may be the best time for
bird watching and study purposes.
Keywords: Forest birds, Aquatic birds, Dry zone, Diversity indices, Sri Lanka


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Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium, Sri Lanka. Published by Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura