Optimisation of Fungal Inoculum for Inoculation of Gyrinops walla for Inducing Agarwood Formation

A.A.P. Dias, K.M.E.P. Fernando, S.M.C.U.P. Subasinghe


Various fungi including Aspergillus and Fusarium induce agarwood resin formation as a selfdefense
mechanism in Gyrinops walla, a tree belongs to the family Thymelaeaceae. Since
artificial fungal inoculation induces to form agarwood, there is a growing need for potential
fungal inocula to promote the formation of agarwood resin in G. walla. The aim of the study
was to determine the optimum inoculum densities of Aspergillus sp. and Fusarium sp. which
can act as inducing agents of agarwood resin formation in G. walla. Cultural conditions for
optimum growth, sporulation, germination, and inoculum density and incubation period of
selected two species of Aspergillus and Fusarium were examined. The radial growth of the
fungal colony on different culture media (PDA, YEGA, MEA and CDA) was measured to
determine the suitable medium for the growth. Sporulation on different media was examined
at different time intervals after incubation at room temperature. Percentage of spore
germination was determined using freshly prepared spore suspension in water and in potato
dextrose broth by counting the germinated spores. Optimum spore density for the
germination was measured examining five different spore densities ranging from 103 ml-1 to
107 ml-1. The pH of the suitable medium and wood of the live stem (aqueous wood extract) of
the tree was measured.
Both Aspergillus sp. and Fusarium sp. showed maximum colony growth on PDA medium.
However, the colony growth and the sporulation were much faster in Aspergillus than in
Fusarium on this medium. The pH of the live stem of the tree was recorded as 6.08 which is
approximately equal to the pH of PDA medium 6.22. The highest spore germination for
Aspergillus was at the density of spores 105 ml-1 while Fusarium at 107 ml-1. Both fungal
species reached the highest percentage of spore germination after 12 hours of incubation.
Results reveal that the spore densities of 105 ml-1 and 107 ml-1 of water are optimum inoculum
densities for Aspergillus and Fusarium respectively. The recorded optimum inoculum
densities of Aspergillus and Fusarium can be recommended as potential inocula for
inducement of agarwood in G.walla.
Keywords: Aspergillus, Fusarium, Gyrinops walla, Agarwood, Inoculum density, Sporulation

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Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium, Sri Lanka. Published by Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura