Impact of Inoculums of Dry Batch Type Digesters on Resultant Compost Quality

K.A.R.K. Kodituwakku, M.D.M.D.W.M.M.K. Yatawara

Abstract


Anaerobic digestion (AD) of municipal solid waste is significant in terms of energy and
material recovery. The resultant sludge from AD is 100% organic and used as a fertiliser. The
batch type biogas digesters established by National Engineering Research and Development
Center in Dikowita in Wattala is one of the waste to energy projects established in the
Western Province in Sri Lanka. Pre-sorted market and green waste in the area are used as the
substrate while three cow dung layers (as top, middle and bottom) are applied as inoculums in
the digesters. However, continuous supply of cow dung to the plant has become a challenge
at present. Hence, the top cow dung layer is replaced by one month old previously generated
sludge by the plant. After generating biogas, sludge is composted by means of windrow
composting and sent to the market. The aim of the present study was to assess the quality of
resultant compost due to the replacement of top inoculum layer by previously generated
sludge. Nine laboratory digester tanks were set up and filled representing three treatments
(with three replicates), in which Treatment-1, Treatment-2 and control had cow dung,
previously generated sludge and organic waste respectively as top inoculum layer. After
completion of AD process, resultant organic sludge samples were air dried. The resultant
compost samples from digesters were sieved through 4.75 mm aperture (mesh no.4).
Physical, chemical and biological parameters of resultant compost were analysed. The results
were subjected to One-Way ANOVA followed by Tukey‟s test to see whether there were
significant differences among three treatments and compared with Sri Lanka Standard
1246:2003. The results revealed that, the potassium contents (K2O%) in the samples were
insufficient (<1.0%). The moisture of Treatment-1, Treatment-2 and Control were 44.42%,
47.34% and 51.83% respectively and significantly different from each other (p≤0.05;
ANOVA). However, the colour, odour, particle size, sand content, pH, organic carbon, total
nitrogen, phosphorous, C/N ratio and viable weed seeds were comparable to Sri Lanka
Standard 1246:2003, suggesting that the resultant compost could be used as a soil
amendment.
Keywords: Biogas, Compost, Digestion, Waste, Cow dung layer


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Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium, Sri Lanka. Published by Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura