Comparison of Nutrient Content in Acid Treated Fish Waste Compost with Normal Fish Waste Compost

D.T. Gunawardana, M.K.T.K. Amarasinghe, H.K.M.S. Kumarasinghe, G.A.H. Galahitigama

Abstract


Fish waste management is one of the main problems in fishing industry which can be
possible to eliminate through making compost. Though nutrient content is high in fish waste
and most of the nutrients are removed from final product during composting process due to
low decomposition rate. The present study was carried out to increase decomposition rate by
adding different additives to fish waste compost at International Food Stuff Company Farm at
Kamburupitiya in October 2014. Pit method was used for making compost and two additives,
i.e., sulfuric acid and citric acid were used with two concentrations (0.5 ppm and 1.0 ppm).
Five treatments i.e., fish waste compost treated with 1.0 ppm sulfuric acid (T1), fish waste
compost treated with 0.5 ppm sulfuric acid (T2), fish waste compost treated with water
(control) (T3), fish waste compost treated with 0.5 ppm citric acid (T4) and fish waste
compost treated with 1.0 ppm citric acid (T5) were used as treatments and pits were arranged
in complete randomised block design (RCBD) with tri-replicates. Temperature, pH, EC,
nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and particle size distribution of end product was taken as
variables. Data were analysed using ANOVA. Fish waste compost treated with water showed
maximum temperature within three days time while acid treated fish waste composts
(T1,T2,T4 and T5) took five days time to reach their maximum temperature.1.0 ppm sulfuric
acid treated fish waste compost showed significantly lower (P<0.05) pH value than all other
treatments while pH ranges from 5.4 to 6.5 in all the treatments. Significantly higher (P<0.05)
EC value (961 μs/cm) was in acid treated fish waste compost and lowest value (583 μs/cm)
was in control treatment. Significantly higher (P<0.05) nitrogen content (0.5016 g/kg) was
recorded in T1 followed by fish waste compost treated with others (T1,T2,T4 and T5)
respectively. Fish waste compost treated with 1ppm sulfuric acid showed significantly higher
phosphorous concentration (46.4 ppm) while T3 showed significantly lower phosphorous
(35.62 ppm). With regard to phosphorous, there was no significant difference among all other
acid treated fish waste compost was detected. Compared to all acid treated fish waste
compost potassium concentration was higher in control treatment (36.40 ppm). There was no
significant difference in particle size distribution of all the treatments was detected. Acid
treatment showed positive effect on nitrogen and phosphorous availability while negative
effect on potassium availability of fish waste compost. This trend increased with the
increment of the concentration of acid. Among the different fish waste compost mixtures, 1.0
ppm sulfuric treated fish waste compost showed higher N and P content and low K content
with better pH and EC values compared to all other treatments. Therefore, 1.0 ppm sulfuric
acid could be used as additive for treating fish waste compost.


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Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium, Sri Lanka. Published by Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura