Seasonal Variation of Phytoplankton from Parangipettai Coastal Waters, Bay of Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Southeast Coast of India

P. Anantharaman, A. Hemalatha, M. Suresh


The study of phytoplankton distribution and its seasonal variation was carried out during the
April 2014 to March 2015, from the Parangipettai coastal waters, Bay of Bengal, Tamil
Nadu, and south-east coast of India. Various physic-chemical parameters were analysed and
the correlation with phytoplankton population density was established using Pearson
correlation co-efficient. This result showed that the phytoplankton population density was
positively correlated with atmospheric temperature, surface water temperature, salinity, pH,
chlorophyll „a‟ primary production (p<0.01) where negatively correlated with rainfall and
nutrients (p<0.5) were detected. Totally 119 species of phytoplankton were recorded which
includes 81 species of Bacillariophyceae (Diatoms), 24 species of Dinophyceae
(Dinoflagellates), 6 species of Cyanophyceae (Blue-green algae), 7 species of Chlorophyceae
(Green algae) and one species of Silicoflagellates (Chrysophyceae) during the study period.
Bacillariophyceae species was the dominant followed by Dinophyceae, Chlorophyceae,
Cyanophyceae and Silicoflagellates. The lowest phytoplankton diversity in the monsoon
period and highest diversity in the post monsoon period was recorded. The Parangipettai
coastal waters have been found to be very rich in phytoplankton diversity.

Keywords: Phytoplankton, Seasonal variation, Primary production, Nutrients, Bay of Bengal,
Hydrological parameters

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Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium, Sri Lanka. Published by Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura