Effect of Different Dance Training on Vital Capacity among Post-Pubescent Girls

S. Sabaananth, V. Gopinath, T. Thevanthy


The pulmonary and circulatory system are responsible for sending blood to lungs and returned to the heartand getting rid of waste products in your blood while helping to distribute blood rich in oxygen. Dancetraining can help to strengthen and make this system more efficient. The aim of this study was to investigatethe effect of different dance training on Forced Vital Capacity. To achieve the purpose ninety (N=90) womenstudents (mean age 17 years) were randomly selected from, Jaffna, Sri Lanka as subjects and divided in toAerobic Dance (AD), Bharathanatyam Dance (BD) and Kandyan Dance KD) groups. They practice theirrespective dance for 60±10min / day for 3 days / a week over the period of twelve weeks. Data were collectedon Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) by PC based USB Spirometer before and after the intervention programme.Dependent `t' test was used to find out difference between pre and post test. After eliminating the influence ofpre-test on post-test means of experimental groups the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to find out themean gain differences. In addition to this, Scheffe's post-hoc test was employed (p=0.05). The results of thestudy reveal, aerobic (Percentage of Improvement (PI) 48.16), bharathanatyam (PI 37.56), kandyan (PI 32)dance training influenced the forced vital capacity. Further the result of post hoc test shows that there was asignificant difference between Aerobic and Bharathanatyam (Mean Gain Difference (MGD) 0.28*), Aerobicand Kandyan dance (MGD 0.41*) groups on Forced Vital Capacity. However in Bharathanatyam dance andKandyan dance (MGD 0.13) a insignificant difference was observed on vital capacity. From the result it wasconcluded that Aerobic, Bharathanatyam and Kandyan dance training positively influence on pulmonaryfunction in respect of forced vital capacity.

KEYWORDS: Bharathanatyam, Aerobic, Kandyan Dance, FVC.

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International Journal of multidisciplinary Studies, University of Sri Jayewardnepura, Sri Lanka