Coronary Heart Event Analysis with Association Rule Mining

B. Gomathy, S.M. Ramesh, A. Shanmugam

Abstract


Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of disability in adults as well as one of the main causes of death in the developed countries. Although significant progress has been made in the diagnosis and treatment of CHD, further investigation is still needed. The objective of this study was to develop the assessment of heart event-risk factors targeting in the reduction of CHD events using Association Rule Mining. The risk factors investigated were: 1) before the event: a) non modifiable—age, sex, and family history for premature CHD, b) modifiable—smoking before the event, history of hypertension, and history of diabetes; and 2) after the event: modifiable—smoking after the event, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, and glucose. The events investigated were: myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).Data-mining analysis was carried out using the Association Rule Mining for the afore mentioned three events using five different splitting criteria for larger datasets. The most important risk factors, as extracted from the classification rules analysis were: 1) for MI, age, smoking, and history of hypertension; 2) for PCI, family history, history of hypertension, and history of diabetes; and 3) for CABG, age, history of hypertension, and smoking. It is anticipated that data mining could help in the identification of high and low risk subgroups of subjects, a decisive factor for the selection of therapy, i.e., medical or surgical.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31357/jcs.v1i1.1815

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.31357/jcs.v1i1.1815.g953

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