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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor submitted for publication in another journal (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in 'About the Journal'.


  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Review procedure

All the articles are peer reviewed through a double-blinded process. Once a manuscript is submitted, if it falls within the scope of the journal, the editor assigns the manuscript to a minimum of two reviewers for peer-review. The reviewers are selected considering their expertise and the subject area of the article. The peer review process takes 2 months – 3 months approximately. When all reviewers have submitted their reports, the Editor-in-Chief, in consultation with the editorial team, makes the final decision on the manuscript and notifies the author one of the followings,

  • accept as received
  • accept after satisfactory completion of minor amendments
  • reconsider after major revision
  • reject

If revisions are needed, the authors are expected to revise their manuscripts in accordance with the changes suggested by the reviewers and submit the revised manuscript during the stipulated time period. Once the revised manuscript is received, the Editor-in-Chief makes the final decision on acceptability for publication and notifies the author.

Preparation of manuscript

The manuscript should be free of errors and written only in either American or British English (and not in mixed form). Manuscript should be prepared in single column with Times New Roman size 12 font, double line spacing, 1-inch margins from both sides. There should be one line space between each paragraph and no line space between titles and paragraphs. Pages should be numbered consecutively and the content should follow the following order; title page, abstract, key words, introduction, methods, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgements and references. Tables and figures should be inserted within the text where they should appear.

Title Page:

The title page should include:

• A concise and informative title

• The affiliation(s) of the author(s), i.e. institution, city, country

• An active e-mail address of the corresponding author


The structured abstract should provide a brief summary and not exceed 250 words. The abstract must include; Introduction, Methods, Results and Conclusions.


Three to six keywords representing key contents of the article should be given.


Article should provide adequate background to the study with the aid of the existing literature. The aims of the study and its significance should be clearly explained.


This section should provide a clear description on study design, settings and all procedures followed. If applicable, provide the type of statistical analysis used.

Results and discussion:

Findings of the study should present clearly and logically in the text and tables and figures if necessary. Where applicable, constructive discussions should be included. All tables and figures should be numbered and cited in text in consecutive numerical order.


Conclusion(s) should highlight the significant findings of the study considering the purpose of the study.


Anyone who contributed towards the article or any supported organization should be stated in this section.


Adhere to Vancouver style. Reference citations in the text should be expressed by Arabic numerals in square brackets.

Examples: In inflammation, opioid peptides synthesised in circulatory immunocytes are liberated and accumulated at the site of injury [1-3, 7].

The references should be listed in numerical order as they appear in the text/ article.


Tables should be clear and avoid gridlines. Appropriate table captions explaining the components of the table should be provided. Tables should be numbered consecutively (eg: Table 1, Table 2, etc).


Figures; photographs, drawings, diagrams, graphs, and charts should be clear and submitted separately. The maximum size of figures should be limited to the column width. Appropriate figure captions explaining the figure should be provided. Figures should be numbered consecutively (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc).


There is no article processing charge or publication fee.

Ethical Responsibilities

The contents should not be published nor submitted for publication elsewhere.

Ethical approval

For studies involving human and animals, ethical approval should be obtained from a recognized body and consenting process should be mentioned in the methods section. A copy of the ethical clearance certificate for such studies should be submitted along with the manuscript.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.